Probably, everyone has at least once seen a wasp’s nest, which looks like a dense ball. As a rule, they are located on tree branches, attics, sheds, under roofs, sometimes even underground, or in the walls of houses.
Externally, they are not attractive in any way, but in fact, inside there is a completely different world…
In search of food for their larvae, wasps often build their nests in the walls of residential buildings. It is for them that these insects build a whole kingdom, and there is also a separate room for the wasp queen.
As a rule, the main building material is paper. To get it, wasps chew pieces of tree bark and plant fibers, thus processing them with an enzyme that is contained in their saliva. The insects glue the pieces of cellulose together, and then make honeycombs out of them. They have a smooth and dense structure.
Then the wasps wrap the honeycomb and form several outer layers. They, unlike the internal ones, have a loose structure. These layers provide the desired temperature regime and protect against adverse weather conditions.
No matter how much the wasps worked on their house, but it only serves them for one season. At the beginning of the new season, they work on the other.
All nests are not similar to each other, insects living in the middle latitudes usually build small hives. Their sizes range from the size of a tennis ball to a basketball.
But hornets can build houses that reach a diameter of 1 meter.
Incredibly, sometimes even in the smallest nest, several hundred thousand insects can live.